Value Dependent subject and object forms

Language:
Haitian Creole
Parameter:
Special dependent person forms for subject and object
References
Cadely 1995: 144 et suiv.; Dejean 1982: 12

Examples

  1. Mé sa entèl di m.
    this.is
    sa
    that
    entèl
    someone
    di
    say
    m.
    3sg
    This is what someone has told me.
    French: Voilà ce qu'untel m'a dit.

    See Fattier 1996a: 230

  2. M bliye chante a wi mwen!
    M
    1sg
    bliye
    forget
    chante
    song
    a
    def
    wi
    yes
    mwen!
    1sg
    I forgot the song, yes I!
    French: J’ai oublié la chanson oui moi!

    See Fattier 1996a: 231

  3. Se pou ou manje sa a. — Se pou wou manje sa a.
    Se
    hl
    pou
    for
    ou
    2sg.dep
    manje
    eat
    sa
    dem
    a.
    sg.pro
    Se
    hl
    pou
    for
    wou
    2sg.indp
    manje
    food
    sa
    dem
    a.
    sg.det
    You have to eat this. — This food is for you.
    French: Tu dois manger ça (= sa a se pou ou manje l). — Ce repas est à toi (= manje sa a (se) pou wou).

    See Dejean 1982: 12

  4. Kiyès sa? Mwen menm?
    Kiyès
    who
    sa?
    that
    Mwen
    1sg
    menm?
    self
    Who? Me?
    French: Qui ça? Moi?

    See Fattier 1995a: 145

  5. Ou menm, pa kwè papa w, tande, se jwe l ap jwe.
    Ou
    2sg
    menm,
    self
    pa
    neg
    kwè
    believe
    papa
    father
    w,
    2sg
    tande,
    understand
    se
    SE
    jwe
    play
    l
    3sg
    ap
    inacc
    jwe.
    play
    You, don't believe your father, he is only playing around.
    French: Toi, ne crois pas ton père, il ne fait que jouer.

    See Desmarattes 1983: 22

  6. Mwen vini, m achte liv la, Jan wè m, Jan remèt mwen liv la.
    Mwen
    1sg
    vini,
    come
    m
    1sg
    achte
    buy
    liv
    book
    la,
    def
    Jan
    Jean
    see
    m,
    1sg
    Jan
    Jean
    remèt
    hand.over
    mwen
    1sg
    liv
    book
    la.
    def
    I came, I bought the book, Jean saw me, Jean handed me the book over.
    French: Je suis venu, j'ai acheté le livre, Jean m'a vu, Jean m'a remis le livre.

    See Cadely 1995: 10

  7. Kilès k ap frape a? Se mwen.
    Kilès
    who
    k
    rel
    ap
    inacc
    frape
    knock
    a?
    def
    Se
    hl
    mwen.
    1sg
    Who is knocking? It's me.
    French: Qui frappe à la porte? C'est moi.

    See Valdman et al. 2007: 502