Value Particle, only grammatical markers can intervene

Language:
Cameroon Pidgin English
Parameter:
Tightness of the link between the past marker and the verb
References
Schröder 2012

Examples

  1. I bin don komot.
    I
    3sg.sbj
    bin
    pst
    don
    pfv
    komot.
    come.out
    He/She had (already) left.

    See questionnaire data 1999-2000

  2. Wehn ma broda bi di rait di leta, a bi di wait fo gaden.
    Wen
    while
    ma
    my
    broda
    brother
    bin
    pst
    di
    ipfv
    rait
    write
    di
    def.art
    leta,
    letter
    a
    1sg.sbj
    bin
    pst
    di
    ipfv
    weit
    wait
    fo
    for
    gaden.
    garden
    While my brother was writing the letter, I was waiting in the garden.

    See questionnaire data 1999-2000