Teru nu pa kata.
Teru will not sing.
- 1 affirmative: katan [PRS.PROG]; negative: nu tɛ katan
2 affirmative: tə kata [PRS.HAB]; negative: nu tɛ kata (tɛ replaces tə)
3 affirmative: tɛd kata [PRS.PROX.FUT]; negative: nu tɛ kata (tɛd reduces to tɛ)
4 affirmative: katad [PRS.PRF]; negative: nu tɛ katad (tɛ is inserted)
5 affirmative: kata! [IMP]; negative: nu kata!
6 affirmative: kato [PST]; negative: nu kato
7 affirmative: ti kata [PST.HAB]; negative: nu ti kata
8 affirmative: ti katan [PST.PROG]; negative: nu ti katan
9 affirmative: ti katad [PST.PFV]; nu ti katad
10 affirmative: tid kat [PST.PROX.FUT]; negative: nu ti katad (tid reduces to ti)
11 affirmative: lə kat [FUT]; negative: nu pa(d) kata (pad replaces lə, and is often reduced to pa)
12 affirmative: ter kat [COND]; ngative: nu pri kata (pri replaces ter)
13 affirmative: ay/ater kata [COND]; negative: nu ater katad
14 affirmative: maši kata [DEONTIC(i.e. 'should/must')]; negative: maši nu kata
Regarding 2: it is more likely that tə is the reduced form and that tɛ is the older form.
Regarding 4: it is probable that katad was at one point tɛ katad and that tɛ disappeared as part of a general tendency whereby those preposed markers in Korlai that redundantly marked a function disappeared (cf. Clements 1990).
- constructed by linguist
- Own knowledge