59 Alignment of case marking of personal pronouns

This feature is described more fully in chapter 59.


Here we look at alignment of case marking of personal pronouns, following WALS feature 59, by Bernard Comrie. Alignment refers to the comparison between the marking of the A (transitive agent/subject) argument and the P (transitive patient/object) argument with the marking of the S (intransitive subject) argument. Here only the alignment of case/adpositions is considered, and only the marking of (dependent) person forms (full NPs are treated in Feature 58). Neutral alignment refers to situations where both A and P are coded like the S. In accusative alignment, A is coded like the S and P is coded in a special way (by accusative case). In ergative alignment, P is coded like the S and A is coded in a special way (by ergative case).


Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium


Neutral alignment22
Accusative alignment54

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details