20 Pronoun conjunction

This feature is described more fully in chapter 20.


Here we ask how a language treats notional conjunction of singular personal pronoun and full noun phrase, as in 'Mary and I', or 'you and your brother'. Most commonly, languages use a singular pronoun that is overtly conjoined (by an 'and' word) with the full noun phrase. But they may also use an inclusory pronoun which denotes the entire set and that is combined with a subset NP that denotes a proper subset, e.g. "we # Mary" means 'we including Mary', i.e. 'Mary and I'. The inclusory pronoun can be simply juxtaposed, or combined with the subset NP by a marker, or or followed by a numeral. Finally, the singular pronoun may be simply juxtaposed with the other conjunct.


Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium


Singular pronoun overtly conjoined with other conjunct551267
Inclusory pronoun juxtaposed with subset NP123
Inclusory pronoun plus marker plus subset NP178
Inclusory pronoun plus numeral plus subset NP022
Singular pronoun juxtaposed with other conjunct011

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details