122 Nasal vowels

This feature is described more fully in chapter 122.


This feature concerns nasal vowels, which are generally written with "n" or "m" following the vowel letter. Nasal vowels are said to be present in a prominent way if there are nasal vowels as major allophones in at least three different heights (e.g. ĩ, ɛ̃, ã). Otherwise, they are said to be present in a limited way. (Nasal vowels are also the topic of WALS feature 10, by John Hajek.)


Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium


Present in a prominent way14
Present in a limited way9
Present only as minor allophones11
No nasal vowels exist42

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details