Structure dataset 70: Pidgin Hindustani

This language is described more fully in survey chapter 70.

Pidgin Hindustani is a medium of inter-ethnic communication in Fiji. Along with Pidgin Fijian (and now more commonly, Fiji English), it has been widely used for informal interactions between indigenous Fijians and Fiji Indians (or Indo-Fijians), and to some extent between Chinese shopkeepers and Fiji Indians. The default lect documented in APiCS is the one spoken by rural Fijians who interact frequently with Fiji Indians. It is based on recordings made in 1983 in villages in the Nadi district of western Viti Levu. All examples come from Seci Bola of Vatutu village and Risidriu of Numbuta village (now both deceased).

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No. Feature Value Details Source
No. Feature Value Details Source


Pulmonic Consonants
Place → Labial Coronal Dorsal Laryngeal
↓ Manner Bilabial Labio­dental Linguo­labial Dental Alveolar Palato-
Retroflex Alveolo-
Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal
/ Epiglottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k g
Sibilant affricate t͡ʃ d͡ʒ
Non-sibilant affricate
Sibilant fricative s z
Non-sibilant fricative f h
Approximant l j
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral affricate
Lateral fricative
Lateral approximant
Lateral flap


Front Near-front Central Near-back Back Close Near-close Close-mid Mid Open-mid Near-open Open ihigh front unrounded vowel uhigh back rounded vowel ohigher mid back rounded vowel ɛlower mid front unrounded vowel alow central unrounded vowel

Special segments

Other segments
 w  voiced labial-velar glide


       Exists (as a major allophone)
       Exists only as a minor allophone
       Exists only in loanwords
No. Feature Value Details Source