Datapoint Pidgin Hawaiian/Functions of reduplication

Reduplication was not productive in stable Pidgin Hawaiian (in texts dating after 1880), but it was a productive process in the original contact setting that produced pidgin innovations, and it is this process that is represented here. Reduplication is also very common in the lexifier, but it has long ceased to be productive word formation process. In the Examples 50 and 51, nuinui is the intensive of nui in a similar way that nui loa is an intensive. Another example is moe 'rest' and moemoe 'sleep'. In other examples, there is no significant change of meaning or function.

Values

Only iconic functions

Example 71-50:

Nuinui pilikia kela kamalii.
Nuinui
plenty.of
pilikia
trouble
kela
det
kamalii.
children
The children are in a lot of trouble.

Example 71-51:

Nui loa pilikia kela poe.
Nui
much
loa
very
pilikia
trouble
kela
det
poe.
people
The people are in a lot of trouble.

Confidence:
Certain