58 Alignment of case marking of full noun phrases

Description

Here we look at alignment of case marking of full noun phrases, following WALS feature 58, by Bernard Comrie. Alignment refers to the comparison between the marking of the A (transitive agent/subject) argument and the P (transitive patient/object) argument with the marking of the S (intransitive subject) argument. Here only the alignment of case/adpositions is considered, and only the marking of full NPs (person forms are treated in Feature 59). Neutral alignment refers to situations where both A and P are coded like the S. In accusative alignment, A is coded like the S and P is coded in a special way (by accusative case). In ergative alignment, P is coded like the S and A is coded in a special way (by ergative case).

Author

Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium

Values

Neutral alignment61
Accusative alignment14
Ergative alignment1
Representation:76

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details