56 The prohibitive

Description

This feature deals with the prohibitive and is based on WALS feature 71, by Johan van der Auwera & Ludo Lejeune (with Valentin Goussev). The prohibitive is the negated counterpart of the affirmative imperative, as in Papiamentu No bai! ‘Don't go!’. Only the singular prohibitive is considered here.

Prohibitives often have special negators that are not used in declaratives, e.g. Tok Pisin maski 'don't!'.

They may also use a special imperative construction that is not used with affirmative imperatives, e.g. Pichi mek yù no laf [19-104] 'Don't laugh!' (using the special imperative/subjunctive marker mek).

Author

Philippe Maurer and the APiCS Consortium

Values

exclshrdall
Normal imperative construction and normal negator45752
Normal imperative construction and special negator13417
Special imperative construction and normal negator8210
Special imperative construction and special negator112
Representation:74

Language Value % Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details