35 Ordinal numerals

Description

This feature compares ordinal numerals (’first, second, third ...’) with adnominal cardinal numerals (’one, two, three ...’). There are different ways in which ordinal numerals are formed, especially with regard to ‘first’ and ‘second’, which are often irregular.

Since we are considering only synchrony, words like English third and fifth are not considered derived from three and five, although from a diachronic perspective they are of course derived.

Author

Philippe Maurer and the APiCS Consortium

Values

exclshrdall
Ordinal numerals do not exist404
Cardinal and ordinal numerals are identical except for ‘one’ and ‘first’516
All ordinal numerals are synchronically derived from cardinal numerals448
All ordinal numerals are synchronically derived from cardinal numerals, but ‘first’ may also be suppletive303
'First' is suppletive, all other numerals are synchronically derived from cardinal numerals20323
‘First’, ‘second’, or more are suppletive, the others are synchronically derived from cardinal numerals12719
All ordinal numerals are suppletive617
Other solutions527
Representation:68

Language Value % Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details