15 Inclusive/exclusive distinction in independent personal pronouns

Description

In this feature (based on WALS feature 39, by Michael Cysouw), we ask whether a language has an inclusive/exclusive distinction in independent personal pronouns. An inclusive pronouns means 'we including the hearer', and an exclusive pronoun means 'we excluding the hearer'.

Author

Martin Haspelmath, Susanne Maria Michaelis and the APiCS Consortium

Values

No inclusive/exclusive distinction67
Inclusive and exclusive differentiated9
Representation:76

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details