121 Vowel height distinctions

Description

This feature asks how many distinctions of vowel height (or aperture) are made in a language. The most typical vowel system has five vowels and three degrees of height (i, e, a, o, u), but systems with four degrees (i, e, ɛ, a, ɔ, o, u) are not uncommon either, and even five degrees (i, ɪ, e, ɛ, a, ɔ, o, ʊ, u) are possible.

Author

Martin Haspelmath and the APiCS Consortium

Values

Two vowel heights3
Three vowel heights31
Four vowel heights36
Five vowel heights6
Representation:76

Language Value Lexifier Details Source
Id Primary text Analyzed text Gloss Translation Type Language Audio Details