Belizean Creole

Belizean Creole (English-based) is used natively by members of the ethnic Creole group and fluently as a lingua franca (as well as sometimes natively) by most of the remaining ethnically diverse population of Belize (including Garinagu, Mestizo and Maya/Kekchi people). It is also likely to be spoken by at least some of the older emigrants of the Belizean diaspora in the United States, albeit only in intragroup contexts. The data represented in APiCS (default lect) were all produced in the majority Creole districts of Belize by native speakers in spontaneous contexts, but there was no attempt at documenting the creole varieties used by the diaspora. Practically all speakers of Belizean Creole shift constantly and seamlessly into mesolects and acrolects across the language spectrum, as determined by elements of the social context (speaker status, style, setting, sex of speaker or audience, etc.), and it is sometimes difficult to determine whether a given feature is basilectal or other. I have sometimes assumed in APiCS discussions of specific features that mesolectal and even acrolectal features have in fact been integrated into the basilect, a normal process of language change which can be readily observed in many language situations representative of the creole continuum.

No. Feature Value % Details Source
No. Feature Value % Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % Details Source