Gurindji Kriol is a mixed language derived from Gurindji (Pama-Nyungan) and Kriol (English-lexifier). It is spoken in the Victoria River District of the Northern Territory (Australia) by around 1000 people, mostly Gurindji people under the age of 40 who live in the Aboriginal community of Kalkaringi, but also Bilinarra and Ngarinyman people who live in the neighbouring communities of Pigeon Hole and Yarralin to the north of Kalkaringi. It is also spoken by diaspora groups living in the towns of Katherine (480km north-east of Kalkaringi) and Darwin (900km north-east of Kalkaringi). The default lect described in APiCS is the speech of 20-30 year old Gurindji women living in Kalkaringi. All examples are derived from a corpus collected by Felicity Meakins from 2004-2009. Gurindji Kriol remains an oral language only, with schooling, media and government services almost entirely in Standard Australian English (with provisions for interpreters). Older Gurindji people continue to speak traditional Gurindji, often in code-switching with Kriol. Kriol is the main language spoken by Aboriginal people across northern Australia including in Katherine and Darwin, and has a continuing influence on Gurindji Kriol, particularly in these towns.
|trill, tap or flap||r||ɾ|
|Exists (as a major allophone)|
|Exists only as a minor allophone|
|Exists only in loanwords|
|Does not exist|