Pidgin Hindustani

Pidgin Hindustani is a medium of inter-ethnic communication in Fiji. Along with Pidgin Fijian (and now more commonly, Fiji English), it has been widely used for informal interactions between indigenous Fijians and Fiji Indians (or Indo-Fijians), and to some extent between Chinese shopkeepers and Fiji Indians. The default lect documented in APiCS is the one spoken by rural Fijians who interact frequently with Fiji Indians. It is based on recordings made in 1983 in villages in the Nadi district of western Viti Levu. All examples come from Seci Bola of Vatutu village and Risidriu of Numbuta village (now both deceased).

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Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
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