Yimas-Arafundi Pidgin

Yimas-Arafundi Pidgin is a trade language used between men of certain clans in Yimas village and the Arafundi speaking village of Auwim in their trade interactions up until its largely falling out of use in the 1950s. Its function has been replaced by Tok Pisin and it is now extremely moribund or more likely extinct. The default lect described here is that remembered by men in their 50s from both villages in the mid 1980s. All data was collected in situ in the mid 1980s by working directly with the few men who could still remember the language by both direct elicitation and the collection of a few narrative texts.

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No. Feature Value % Details Source
No. Feature Value % Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Special segments

palatalized voiced lateral approximant - Exists (as a major allophone)

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % Details Source