Guadeloupean Creole

Guadeloupean Creole is spoken by some 400,000 people in Guadeloupe, and approximately 200,000 diaspora speakers mainly established in France, French Guiana, Montreal and Panama. Guadeloupean Creole is widely spoken throughout the different islands of the archipelago and is used in a variety of situations, ranging from the less to the more formal. Although it is not systematically used in formal speech situations, the use of the language has been increasing since the identity claim movement that grew in the 1980s, to the extent that the local authorities are now designing a set of measures to promote and enhance the use of Creole in all spheres of activity of the Guadeloupean society. The default lect for Guadeloupean Creole represented in the Atlas is a quite homogeneous variety spoken by 30-60 year old speakers and is close to the basilect. Most examples are constructed by the authors (Serge Colot being a native speaker), and some examples are from written sources taken from the most up-to-date body of scientific literature available on the Lesser Antillean Creoles.

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No. Feature Value % lect Details Source
No. Feature Value % lect Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Special segments

øhigher mid front rounded oral vowel - Exists only as a minor allophone
œlower mid front rounded oral vowel - Exists only as a minor allophone
œ̃nasalized lower mid front rounded vowel - Exists only as a minor allophone
ɥvoiced labiopalatal glide - Exists only as a minor allophone

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % lect Details Source