Korlai

Korlai is a Portuguese-based creole spoken by the 780 inhabitants (2010 census) of the coastal village of Korlai, located about 150 km south of Mumbai in the state of Maharashtra. In this state, and the surrounding states of Gujarat and Karnataka, there is also a small diaspora of Korlai speakers. Korlai is used as the village language for all personal interaction. With the exception of a play written in the creole, Korlai is an oral language. In more formal contexts, Marathi (the regional language) is often used. Up to the early 1960s, Portuguese was the language of the church in Korlai. Around 1964, Marathi was introduced into the church liturgy and it has been the church language ever since. As more Korlai children are finishing high school (Marathi medium) and seeking employment outside of their tradition profession of agriculture, the influence of Marathi is becoming increasingly stronger. The default lect of Korlai described in APiCS is that of children and adult Korlai speakers whose speech was analyzed between 1986 and 2005.

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No. Feature Value % Details Source
No. Feature Value % Details Source

Consonants

bilabial
labiodental
dental
dental/alveolar
dental/alveolar
affricate
palato-alveolar
retroflex
palatal
velar
labial-velar
uvular
glottal
plosive/affricatepbtdt͡sd͡zt͡ʃd͡ʒʈɖcɟkgk͡pg͡bqʔ
aspirated plosive/affricatet͡sʰt͡ʃʰ
glottalized stop/affricateɓt͡sʼt͡ʃʼ
nasalmnɳɲŋ
trill, tap or flaprɾ
fricativeɸβfvθðszʃʒxɣχh
lateral/approximantɬlɭjw

Vowels

frontnear-frontcentralnear-backback
high
higher-mid
mid
lower-mid
low

Special segments

ʋvoiced labio-dental approximant - Exists (as a major allophone)
voiced aspirated bilabial plosive - Exists (as a major allophone)
ʰrpre-breathy voice rhotic - Exists (as a major allophone)
ʈʰvoiceless aspirated retroflex plosive - Exists only in loanwords
voiced aspirated velar plosive - Exists only in loanwords

Legend

 Exists (as a major allophone)
 Exists only as a minor allophone
 Exists only in loanwords
 Does not exist
No. Feature Value % Details Source